The Sites in The UNESCO Listing

The Longobards in Italy, Places of Power, 568 - 774 A.D. comprises seven groups of important buildings throughout the Italian Peninsula. They testify to the high achievement of the Lombards, who migrated from northern Europe and developed their own specific culture in Italy where they ruled over vast territories in the 6th to 8th centuries.

In particular:

  • The Gastaldaga area with the “Tempietto Longobardo” and the Episcopal complex in Cividale del Friuli;
  • The monumental area with the monastic complex of S.Salvatore-Santa Giulia in Brescia;
  • The “castrum” with the Torba Tower and the church of S.Maria “foris portas” in Castelserpio Torba;
  • The Basilica of San Salvatore in Spoleto;
  • The “Clitunno Tempietto” in Campello sul Clitunno;
  • The S.Sofia complex in Benevento;
  • The Sanctuary of S.Michele in Monte Sant’Angelo.

The serial property represents the quintessence of the remaining built and artistic heritage of the Lombards in Italy today. A people of Germanic origin, having settled and converted to Christianity, the Lombards assimilated the material and cultural values inherited from the end of the Roman world. Also in contact with Byzantine, Hellenistic and Middle Eastern influences, the Lombards achieved a cultural, architectural and artistic synthesis, unique in terms of its monumental and stylistic diversity and the various secular and religious uses. It is one of the main roots of the beginnings of the medieval European world and the establishment of Western Christianity.