The Warrior Ideal

Date
29/01/2019 (Roma) 31/01/2019 (Brescia)- 14/07/2019
Region
Lombardia e Lazio
Town
Brescia e Roma
Subject
The warriors

The Warrior Ideal in the museums of Rome and Brescia

The first image that comes to mind when we talk about the Lombard people is of weapons – and a warrior wearing or wielding them.

The Lombard warrior is a powerful emblem in our collective perception of the Early Middle Ages, partly because of the importance such figures had within their social group, and also because much of our knowledge about the Lombards is based on the excavation of burial grounds, which clearly demonstrate that the society of the time wished to present most of its male members as warriors.

Most of the finds on display in both the Museo di Santa Giulia in Brescia and the Museo dell’Alto Medioevo in Roma come from cemeteries.

Santa Giulia features burial grounds found in the last quarter of the 19th century (Milzanello di Leno, Darfo, Botticino Sera, Calvisano, Brescia), and others dug more recently – of great interest for the abundant information they furnish.

The Museo Nazionale dell’Alto Medioevo in Roma houses the remarkable finds from the Nocera Umbra (PG) and Castel Trosino (AP) graveyards. In these excavations – conducted in 1897–1898 in Nocera Umbra (“Portone” cemetery) by Angiolo Pasqui, and from 1893 to 1896 in Castel Trosino (“Santo Stefano” cemetery) by Raniero Mengarelli – the positions of the grave goods in the tombs were recorded with great accuracy, thus furnishing important data for research.

The purpose of the exchange is to present a Lombard warrior ideal more closely tied to the Germanic model (the Brescian warrior), and another warrior ideal that is again basically Germanic, but has been influenced by Byzantine-Roman features (the Castel Trosino warrior).